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Situated at high latitudes (between 41° and 52° N) and high elevations (averaging about 5,180 feet [1,580 metres]). Consequently, it experiences a pronounced continental climate with very cold winters (dominated by anticyclones centred over Siberia), cool to hot summers, large annual and diurnal ranges in temperature, and generally scanty precipitation. A remarkable feature of Mongolia’s climate is the number of clear, sunny days, averaging between 220 and 260 each year, yet the weather may also be severe and unpredictable. Precipitation increases with elevation and latitude, with annual amounts ranging from less than 4 inches (100 mm) in some of the low-lying desert areas of the south and west to about 14 inches (350 mm) in the northern mountains. The precipitation, which typically occurs as thunderstorms during the summer months, is highly variable in amount and timing and fluctuates considerably from year to year.

. Sandstorms or hailstorms can develop quite suddenly. Heavy snow occurs mainly in the mountain regions, but fierce blizzards sweep across the steppes. Even a thin coating of ice or icy snow can prevent animals from getting to their pasture.

Soils are predominantly  brown type, but with considerable salinization in desert and semidesert areas. The Gobi is a typical rock-floored desert, with large areas of gravel cover and occasional sand dunes.


Mongolian the warmest season is summer. The summer of Mongolia can be unpredictable, sometimes it gets really hot but then it can be rainy for several days. It is about  40 degrees in southern part of Mongolia (in Gobi). For herders and livestock it is perfect time when pasture, grass and crops grow and getting fat.


Autumn is an important season of Nomads as it prepares for harsh winter. Across the whole country, the harvest of crops, vegetables and fodder begins, while herders rebuild winter cattle barns, sheds and preserved grasses for livestock. Autumn temperature is not too cold and too hot. You can see amazing united colors in autumn.


One morning, wild flowers may appear from underneath the snow, and the next morning it may rain. One can witness the four different seasons during the Mongolian spring , that’s why Mongolians said “Spring sky person” whose erratic behavior. Spring is the time for nomads to welcome new-born baby animals, so nomads are very busy this time.If you come to Mongolia in spring, can see the getting greener landscapes and way of nomad life how caring baby animals.


Almost every day, the media reports on a global warming, so most of the people have started wishing for winter more than ever. In Mongolia, you will find winter by the wisps of breath from months, and the cracking sound of the tree limps weighted in snow.
Mongolian winter is the most incredible season that you might experience and have trips to the countryside to visit nomadic families. Some people think that Mongolian winter have an unbearable cold and there’s nothing to do and see in the country during the winter time. Of course, it gets cold in winter. But that’s no reason to stay indoors. Glittering with white snow, clear fresh air, sun and little chills are the image of Mongolian winter.

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